Suspense Account Definition

suspense account

A suspense account is useful in this situation to ensure you track all expenses and revenue in the proper places to keep budgets for all departments. A suspense account is a section of a general ledger, which keeps track of a company’s or individual’s finances, where accountants can temporarily record ambiguous transactions for their clients. The suspense account holds the transaction, or suspends it, separate from the revenue and expenses of the company or individual until you can learn more information and put it in the appropriate part of the general ledger. This allows you to easily keep track of transactions that may have errors, which keeps the general ledger more accurate.

Sometimes, you don’t have all the necessary information for accounting. Missing or incorrect suspense account details can derail your bookkeeping efforts, but you need to record every transaction.

suspense account

Based in St. Petersburg, Fla., Karen Rogers covers the financial markets for several online publications. She received a bachelor’s degree in business administration from the University of South Florida. Emilie is a Certified Accountant and Banker with Master’s in Business and 15 years of experience in finance and accounting from large corporates and banks, as well as fast-growing start-ups. This is because unallocated transactions get more difficult to reconcile with passing time, especially if there is insufficient documentation, and the account balance could grow uncontrollably.

Definition: What Is A Suspense Account?

To account for the payment, open a Suspense Account and credit the account with the full $500. When you find out which customer made the payment, debit the Suspense Account for $500 and credit your Account Receivable customers account for $500.

Make the neceassary entries in the Journal below to correct the following errors. The Suspense account above reveals five transactions with some type of error. To fix one, click on the Edit button to the left of the transaction. Because, even though reporting may be on cash basis, the program still makes all necessary calculations for accrual basis.

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Move the money out of the suspense account and close it when you finish so it isn’t part of the trial balance. With accounting in small businesses, suspense accounts are regularly cleared out.

Goods returned by Mani Rs.750 have been entered in the returns outwards book. A sale of Rs.4000 to Ram has been passed through the purchase book. Later, the decision is made to charge 4/5 of it to carriage inward and the rest to carriage outwards. Draw up the Suspense account after all the corrections have been made. Many transaction fields in Manager default to Suspense until valid entries are made in them. It appears automatically on the Balance Sheet in the Equity grouping whenever it has a non-zero balance. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment.


You may get partial payments from customers and wonder whether you should invoice it or not. Hold on to the money and store it in your suspense account until after contacting the customer.

If it is the asset in question then the suspense account is considered as a current asset because it keeps the payment that is related to the accounts receivable. When you work with the trial balance, it is allowed to open a suspense account in order to hold the discrepancies until you identify them.

suspense account

GoCardless is authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority under the Payment Services Regulations 2017, registration number , for the provision of payment services. Let’s suppose a company receives a cash sum of $500 but it cannot figure out who the money is from or what it is for. Let’s suppose you receive a payment from an unknown entity; or the sender is known but you are not sure which invoice they are paying for. If we are not able to ascertain the true nature of a particular asset, then this account will be classified as a current account. In similar ways, it could be used to park an “unclassified” liability as well. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on

Trial Balance Suspense Accounts

When the proper account is determined, the amount will be moved from the suspense account to the proper account. It’s important to understand who sent an invoice or made a purchase when keeping accounts for your clients, so consider putting transactions into a suspense account if the sender is unclear. Doing this allows you to figure out who sent payments or invoices and track that revenue and expense in the proper parts of your client’s ledger.

This closes out your suspense account and posts the payment to the correct customer account. Conversely, if the trial balance credits are larger than the debits, the difference is recorded in the suspense account as a debit. Once you find the reason for the trial balance and correct it, the account is closed and removed from the trial balance. As the name suggests, a suspense account is an account that temporarily records amounts that are yet to have their proper accounts determined.

  • Once you save the details, you can use the suspense account so that you can work on a trial balance.
  • However, suspense accounts are temporary accounts that must be closed by the end of your accounting cycle.
  • In branchless banking – banking through mobile for unbanked – these accounts are used for ‘money-in-transit’.
  • If the credits in the trial balance are larger than debits, record the difference as a debit.
  • Once the suspense account has enough funds to make a full payment, the servicer will remove the funds from suspense and apply them to the account.
  • Suspense account is a temporary and imaginary account, which is closed later when the errors are located.

Using a suspense account for transactions without obvious senders also allows you and your client to ensure all payments are being sent to and received by the correct people. The suspense account is used as a place to temporarily hold unclassified funds while the company decides where to put them permanently. This typically arises when funds are received and there is doubt as to which account to apply them. The suspense account is also used when there is dispute as to which department of a big company should be charged with an incurred expenses. Banks and brokerages also have specialized uses for suspense accounts when partial payments are made on mortgages or when clients haven’t yet decided what to do with proceeds from sale of securities. Most business suspense accounts involve receivables and payables, like the examples above, but there are also other uses for suspense accounts. Some banks will not apply partial payments to customer mortgage accounts because of doubt as to the proper amounts to apply to principal, interest, and escrow.

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However, such accounts are temporary which should be closed by the end of the accounting cycle. Mortgage vendors then keep the first payment in the suspense account until the second payment is received for the month and the payment is complete and recorded to its correct account. However, it is important to remember that items in a suspense account represent unallocated amounts. As a result, having a suspense account presented on the financial statements with a balance is generally viewed negatively and can weaken the statement to outside investors. Thus, effort should be made to clear suspense accounts at the end of each financial period.

If you’re unsure about where to enter a transaction, open a suspense account and talk to your accountant. You might receive a payment but be unsure which customer paid you. If you don’t know who made the payment, look at your outstanding customer invoices and find which one matches the payment amount. Contact the customer to verify that it’s their payment and the right invoice. If the credits in the trial balance are larger than debits, record the difference as a debit. If the debits are larger than credits, record the difference as a credit.

For suspense account journal entries, open a suspense account in your general ledger. The format of suspense account entries will be either a credit or debit. Also, enter the same amount with an opposite entry in another account. When you open an accounting suspense account, the transaction is considered in suspense. This keeps uncategorized transactions separate from categorized transactions.

suspense account

Although there is no standard amount of time set by regulatory authorities for clearing out this account, we should move all the transactions in their correct accounts as soon as we can ascertain their exact nature. An accountant was instructed to record a significant number of journal entries written by the controller of a large company.

A is an account used temporarily to carry doubtful receipts and disbursements or discrepancies pending their analysis and permanent classification. It can be a repository for monetary transactions entered with invalid account numbers. If one of these conditions exist, the transaction should be directed to a suspense account. In branchless banking – banking through mobile for unbanked – these accounts are used for ‘money-in-transit’. For example, sender sends payment from US ACH account to a BB mobile number in Japan.

Investing Suspense Accounts

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word suspense account. Employer Contribution Account means, for any Participant, the account established by the Administrator or Trustee to which Employer Contributions made under Section 3.5 for the Participant’s benefit are credited. Rollover Account means the account established hereunder to which amounts transferred from a qualified plan or individual retirement account in accordance with Section 4.6 are allocated. Expense Account The account established and maintained pursuant to Section 3.25. The Stock Suspense Account shall be debited with amounts used to repay Exempt Loans and with the number of shares of Financed Stock that are to be released from such Account in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.4.

You later bill the supplies to account for the purchasing department. You credit the suspense account and add a debit to the supplies department to close the account. A brokerage account where investors deposit cash and securities while they decide how to invest it. A suspense account is a low-risk account, as investors don’t want to lose the deposit while making financial decisions. A suspense account cannot have a debit balance, it always shows a credit balance. That only hides problems and usually makes both your Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement inaccurate.

Having undertaken a review, the commercial concern just cannot slide the costs away into some suspense account. If, however, there is only a suspense account he can draw only up to £10 per week. In the case of borrowers, some practice dividing monthly payments into two so as not to pay all at once. Suspense accounts serve as an important tool so that companies are able to properly classify accounts. Suspense accounts are cleared by reviewing each individual transaction in the account. The objective for reviewing items is to shift the transaction to the appropriate account as soon as possible. Accelerators Optimize your accounting processes with a catalog of on-demand expertise.

If you think the suspense account is not closed by the end of the accounting period then you should see the balance in the suspense account if it’s a Debit balance. But, if it is a Credit balance then you would see the details on the liability section of your balance sheet. At the end of the month, his accountant had to reconcile the bakery’s ledgers but there was a bank transaction of $300 that he had no record off. In order to file the monthly tax report on time he put this amount in a suspense account and the ledgers were reconciled perfectly. Brokerage suspense accounts act as funds for investors who are planning to reinvest their money and are yet to decide which investments they wish to go ahead with. For bigger companies that record cash outflows and inflows on a daily basis, it makes sense to do a more frequent review of their suspense accounts.

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